People often pay a lot of attention on how to start their essays, and it is right – the first impression is always the strongest one. But those who pay equal attention to how they complete their essays are much less numerous. Remember the conclusion is generally considered to be very important.
The conclusion is a powerful instrument and it would be wrong to waste an opportunity to use it. It gives your essay a sense of finality – if you fail to include some finishing thoughts your essay will look unnatural – even if it is an otherwise brilliant piece of writing. It will spoil the impression you are trying to make with no possibility of improving the essay afterwards.
There are different approaches to writing a conclusion.
Mirror Image of Introduction
Most commonly authors simply repeat what they have said in the introduction, ‘flavouring’ the conclusion with information from the main part of the text. If you have asked a question at the beginning, now is the time to answer it. If you used some underlying thought, it is a perfect moment to demonstrate its fundamental importance.
Address the Future
This approach is best when used with essays on social, historical or economic topics – in other words, when you speak about something that is immediately related to the real world. If you described a certain tendency in the main part of the essay, try to think about what it may lead to in the future if everything progresses as it is developing now. Think about what this or that event or phenomenon may signify and what it may lead to.
Give Your Readers Some Food for Thought
It is best expressed by ending your essay with a question directed at the reader. You may either leave the answer to him/her, simply giving all the necessary information to make this or that conclusion, or strongly imply what the conclusion signifies. It is important that you lead the reader from the beginning to the end, giving proof of your points of view and persuading the reader that you are right.
Make Sure Your Logic Is Coherent
And finally, re-read the entire essay paying special attention to the introduction and the conclusion. See if they are logically connected with each other and if the issues raised at the beginning are really resolved by the ending. If you see some logical incongruities, make corrections even if it means restructuring the whole essay.