If you watched The Big Bang Theory, you might have envied the characters, especially Sheldon Cooper, for being so smart and confident in his academic field. Many students would die for a chance to become even remotely like this prodigy physicist, so that they can deal with all kind of science problems, not only writing assignments. Just imagine how rad it would’ve been if your science report looked like it was written by Sheldon Cooper! Luckily, you can do it yourself with just a little practice and effort. Learn how to write one yourself by following our guidelines below.
The most important things to know about report writing are structure and skills.
The former is developed with time, and the latter requires practice. The structure of a science report is usually universal; its sections include Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, References, and Appendices. Modifications are possible across different disciplines. A simple but pivotal secret to writing a winning science report is a so-called “IMRAD” formula, which stands for “Introduction, Method, Results, And Discussion.” Let us look at it a little bit closer.
In the introduction, you explain your choice of the topic and its importance, state the problem, and propose a solution. This is where you overview the previous research of the topic, define the key concepts, and provide some figures. In the end, you introduce your hypotheses, research questions, research design, and method that you chose. So, the introduction answers three basic questions: What is the problem? Why is it one? How do you suggest it should be solved?
This section tells what you did to study the problem. First, you describe your subjects, also materials and equipment that you used. List your steps in which you conducted your experiment or research. The Methods section is good only when it provides all the necessary details for the reader to replicate the research.
Start with briefly reminding of your research — remember that you’ve provided the details in the Method section. Choose some data to support your findings. You should not include all the results, but provide the most common or most vivid ones. Make graphs and tables to help explain the findings. Spreadsheets can be included in the end, in the Appendices section.
In the Discussion, you need to explain what your results mean and how they are related to your hypotheses and the literature you’ve overviewed. You need to suggest the implications for the findings and make a proposal regarding the future research (even if you won’t conduct it personally), especially on how the experiment can be improved to minimize errors.
The report doesn’t end with Discussion. Just like any writing assignment, it should have a conclusion. You need to summarize the main results or findings and explain where and how they could be used.
After your science report is ready, you should read it again and make some improvements in the text if needed. Make sure that the paper’s paragraphs and sections flow one into another, so that the whole thing is smooth and logical.
So, you don’t need to be a genius physician to write top-notch science reports. All you need is to practice, observe the structure guidelines, and do some editing in the end. The structure of this paper type usually follows the formula “IMRAD” focusing on Introduction, Method, Results, and Discussion. Conclusion is another important part of your report which should naturally close the writing. It takes a lot of practice to master the art of writing science reports, but once you do it, you won’t be any worse that Sheldon Cooper for sure.