Relationships between countries are very important. The saying that no man is an island was coined with relationships in mind. Without relationships, the world, as we know it, would not be in existence since relationships are needed for people to convince and populate the Earth. Relationships are needed for peaceful coexistence and harmony among people. It is through relationships that we know who our friends and enemies are. Relationships, however, are not just personal in nature. Relationships also exist between organizations, international institutions, and countries. Relationships between these entities determine how they relate to each other ensuring peaceful coexistence and interactions; bad relations usually cause strife, animosity and, in some instances, military warfare. So, what is it that causes bad relationships between countries making them arch-enemies? Let’s review some of the factors responsible for this.
Trade and economic disputes are one of the major factors responsible for strained relations between countries. The relationships between the United States and China are a good example. Most of these superpower countries are run like businesses with their intention to make as much money as possible for their respective governments. One way these superpower countries get to do this is by giving development loans to poor and developing countries as well as charging huge interests for the loans. The US had been doing this for a while, advancing such loans to poor countries such as Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. Things were okay until China entered the fray. China would offer favorable terms to their loans, and most countries prefer their loans to those from the US. China, therefore, became the preferred development partner for these poor countries. The US lost their ‘businesses’ and this created a lot of animosity between the countries.
Security is another factor that causes animosity between countries. Terrorism has been on the rise lately, and it has been targeted towards The US and its allies. In an attempt to protect itself and its allies, the US entered into war with the countries and organizations such as ISIS that are responsible for terrorism the world over. War is very cruel and, more often than not, innocent civilians are caught in the battle. This has created a lot of bad blood between the countries with the majority feeling that other methods, other than launching missiles into the enemy territory, would be ideal when dealing with the terrorists.
Neighboring countries have also turned into arch-enemies as a result of border disputes. This is the case in most African countries, where the national boundaries are not well-defined. Not so long ago, South Sudan gained independence from the larger Sudan to become its own republic. Most thought that the animosity between the two regions would end as a result of the split, but things are worse than before with South Sudan feeling shortchanged in the division of resources and specifically crude oil deposits. South Sudan wants the boundaries amended to give them a bigger share of the oil deposits, a proposal that Sudan is totally against.
As we can see, the large number of queries can cause countries become enemies. In this case, it is very important for each governments to keep in mind that some of their “business” deals can have a harmful impact on their citizens.
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