Originally growing in the South-American region, cassava is a perennial, starch-tuber plant that grows best in well-drained and tropical soils. The size of a completely grown plant usually reaches more than four meters. Its chewy and sweet underground tuber enjoys a high degree of popularity as an edible root vegetable. For centuries people in Asia, Africa and South America have been using cassava as the source for staple food. Millions of the inhabitants from regions mentioned above consider cassava an integral part of their everyday menu.
For the first time the plant was documented long time ago, almost five thousand years ago. Its exact place of origin is still unknown, but the most recent investigations have shown its roots somewhere in South or Central America, probably along the Brazil border. In South America cassava was the staple crop used by the Amerindians. They processed it into meal and bread just like the Amerindians of the XXI century do. As the Portuguese started importing slaves from the African continent in 1550, cassava was the number one provision on the board.